Written by: Tony Gioventu, Executive Director CHOA
It’s not possible to determine outcome of vote by counting only those opposed
Our strata corporation held its Annual General Meeting electronically last week. Other than the routine business of the budget and council elections, we adopted a new bylaw to permit electronic meetings in the future.
There was an issue that was raised by several owners, however, in how the votes were counted. The president of council chaired the meeting with our property manager, and when it came to voting, he said he would simply count if any were opposed to the motions, and then declared whether the vote passed or not.
On the election of council this created a fair amount of controversy as he refused to use the electronic voting or ballots for the nominated council members and called for a vote on each nominee separately and then determined whether the council member was elected.
It was very confusing, and no one really understood how the votes were calculated. There is now a petition going around to call for a special general meeting to remove the council and properly elect a new council. Is there a required protocol for voting at general meetings?
— Rob Matthews, Vancouver
The Strata Property Act, under the definitions section 1, sets out the voting calculation requirements clearly.
Depending on the type of vote that is being taken, the method of calculating may be different. A “majority vote” means a vote in favour of a resolution by more than one half of the votes cast by eligible voters who are present in person or by proxy at the time the vote is taken and who have not abstained from voting. A “3/4 vote” means a vote in favour of a resolution by at least 3/4 of the votes cast by eligible voters who are present in person or by proxy at the time the vote is taken and who have not abstained from voting. An “80 per cent vote” means a vote in favour of a resolution by at least 80 per cent of the votes of all the eligible voters. A “unanimous vote” means a vote in favour of a resolution by all the votes of all the eligible voters.
If you apply these definitions, it is not possible to determine the outcome of the voting if all that is established is those opposed to the resolution or matter being voted.
In the 2009 BC Supreme Court Decision of Azura Management v Owners of Strata Plan KAS 2428, this matter was raised challenging how the voting was calculated.
The outcome was a prescribed voting procedure that should be implemented at all future annual and special general meetings on all resolutions after it has been determined that there is a quorum present: “(a) the total number of votes represented in person or by proxy should be calculated; (b) all votes in favour should be counted first; (c) all votes against should be calculated second; (c) all abstentions should be counted third. Once those counts have been undertaken, the votes in favour as a percentage of the eligible votes should be counted to ascertain whether the requisite 50 per cent, 75 per cent or unanimous votes have been obtained.”
For majority and 3/4 votes, this is a simple math calculation. For example, there were 45 strata lots registered representing 45 votes. At the time the vote was taken for the bylaws, requiring a 75 per cent or 3/4 vote, there were 31 that voted in favour, nine opposed, and five abstentions. 31 in favour plus nine opposed = 40 x .75 requires 30 votes in favour to pass. The vote was passed. Abstentions do not count in the calculations for majority or 3/4 votes.
For strata corporations in B.C. that have mixed-use of residential and non-residential strata lots, or exclusively non-residential strata lots, the voting calculations also require that each strata lot and its total number of votes are independently calculated.
You must also review bylaws that apply to non-residential strata lots as the voting requirements may be different. Mixed-use strata lot voting results are frequently calculated incorrectly, as evidenced by the minutes of meetings.
Non-residential/commercial strata lots are generally allocated the proportional number of total votes in relation to the proportional size of the strata lot.
For example, in an East Vancouver strata where there are 88 strata lots, including seven commercial units on the street level, the 81 residential units each represent one vote, and the seven commercial units represent a total of 15.64 votes.
To determine voting entitlement for each strata lot, refer to the Schedule of Voting Entitlement filed with the Land Title Registry as part of the original strata plan or filed as a separate Schedule of Voting Entitlement.
Tony Gioventu, Executive Director CHOA
Tony Gioventu is executive director of the Condominium Home Owners Association. Email firstname.lastname@example.org